What are the Different Types of Septic Systems? How are they Different than Sewer?

Septic systems and sewer systems are both used for wastewater management, but they operate in different ways and are suitable for different situations. Here’s an overview of the two and some common types of septic systems:

Types of septic systems? How are they different than sewer?

Sewer Systems:

  • Public Sewer Systems: In urban and suburban areas, public sewer systems are common. Wastewater from homes and businesses is collected in a network of underground pipes and transported to a centralized wastewater treatment plant. At the treatment plant, the wastewater undergoes various processes to remove contaminants before being discharged or reused.

Septic Systems:

  • Conventional Septic Systems: This is the most basic type of septic system. It consists of a septic tank and a drainfield. Wastewater from the house flows into the septic tank, where solids settle and are partially broken down by bacteria. The liquid portion then flows into the drainfield, where it is further treated by soil.
  • Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs): These systems use oxygen to enhance the bacterial action in the septic tank, promoting more effective treatment of wastewater. ATUs are often used in areas where the soil conditions are not suitable for conventional systems.
Types of septic systems? How are they different than sewer?

Types of Aerobic Treatment Units

  • Pressure Distribution Systems: In this type of septic system, a pump is used to distribute effluent evenly across the drainfield. This can be necessary in areas with high water tables or poor soil conditions. What is effluent? It is liquid waste or sewage.
  • Mound Systems: Mound systems are used when the soil has low permeability (the ability for a substance to pass through another) or a high water table. Wastewater is pumped to an elevated mound of sand or gravel, allowing for additional treatment before it percolates into the natural soil. These mounds tend to need to be rebuilt more frequently so carefully consider that when looking at homes with these systems.
  • Drip Distribution Systems: Similar to pressure distribution systems, but instead of using pipes to distribute effluent, a network of small-diameter plastic pipes with drip emitters evenly distributes the wastewater over the drain field.
  • Constructed Wetlands: This type of system uses natural processes in a wetland environment to treat wastewater. The wetland plants and microorganisms in the soil help break down and filter contaminants.
Types of septic systems? How are they different than sewer?

Differences Between Septic and Sewer Systems:

  • Ownership and Maintenance: Septic systems are privately owned and maintained by individual property owners, while sewer systems are typically owned and operated by municipalities or utility companies.
  • Location: Septic systems are common in rural and suburban areas where public sewer systems are not available or practical. Sewer systems are prevalent in urban areas.
  • Cost: Installing a septic system is generally cheaper than connecting to a public sewer system, but long-term maintenance costs can vary.
  • Environmental Impact: Properly designed and maintained septic systems can have a minimal environmental impact, while sewer systems can have a larger ecological footprint, especially if there are issues with the treatment plant or sewer line leaks.

The choice between a septic system and a sewer system often depends on factors such as property location, soil conditions, and local regulations.

If you know someone looking to move near a military base – please send them our website below where we provide loads of base information.

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Our military map has lots of resources for every military base within the United States including schools, base housing, colleges, Facebook groups, and connections to local real estate agents that are military affiliated and provide OUR credit​


If you are looking for a home in Washington – check us out at www.kelseyandjorge.com

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7 Reasons You Need Title Insurance

Buying a home is an exciting and emotional time for many people. To help you buy, your home with more confidence, make sure you get owner’s title insurance.

Here’s why it’s so important for you:

Title Insurance


– A home is probably the single largest investment you will make in your life. You insure everything else that’s valuable to you—your life, car, health, pets, etc., so why not your largest investment? For a one- time fee, owner’s title insurance protects your property rights for as long as you or your heirs own your home.


–  If you’re buying a home, there are many hidden issues that may pop up only after you purchase your home. Getting an owner’s title insurance policy is the best way to protect yourself from unforeseen legal and financial title discrepancies. Don’t think it will happen to you? Think again.

Unexpected title claims include:

• outstanding mortgages and judgments, or a lien against the property because the seller has not paid his taxes
• pending legal action against the property that could affect you
• an unknown heir of a previous owner who is claiming ownership of the property

Title Insurance


– Owner’s title insurance is a one-time fee that’s very low relative to the value it provides. It typically costs around 0.5% of the home’s purchase price.


–  As long as you or your heirs own your home, owner’s title insurance protects your property rights.


–  Homeowners insurance and warranties protect only the structure and belongings of your home. Getting owner’s title insurance ensures your family’s property rights stay protected.


–  Each year, more than 80% of America’s homebuyers choose to get owner’s title insurance.

Title Insurance


–  If you’re buying a home, owner’s title insurance lets you rest assured, knowing that you’re protected from inheriting any existing debts or legal problems, once you’ve closed on your new home.

If you know someone looking to move near a military base – please send them our website below where we provide loads of base information.


Military Move Network Map

Click here to access our PCS Map

Our military map has lots of resources for every military base within the United States including schools, base housing, colleges, Facebook groups, and connections to local real estate agents that are military affiliated and provide OUR credit


If you are looking for a home in Washington – check us out at www.kelseyandjorge.com

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Are You Picking the Right School – A FREE Analysis

Private school vs public school header

Ahhhh, PCS season. Boxes, trucks and general chaos are everywhere. If you have school-age children, it’s also time to find your next awesome school.

While the military will tell you when and where to go, finding a school is almost 100% on you. There are a lot of choices out there, but the first step to finding the perfect school is to narrow down your choices.

Public or Private?

This is the first main question to tackle. Let’s walk through the basics about both public and private schools to help get you started. Public school vs. private school pinterest pin

Public Schools

Every county, city, and town have public school systems. They are organized differently in different locations, usually by county, parish, town or region. Most districts will have three to four levels of schools: primary (PK-2), elementary (K-5/6), middle (5/6-8), high (9-12). These different groupings will be spread across three to four different buildings

Some districts have many primary and elementary schools, several middle schools, and one or two large high schools. Other districts have one school for each level.

Public schools are just that: publicly funded schools. These schools are free to attend and do not require tuition. In order to attend a specific school, families must live in that district or obtain a waiver to attend.

They must comply with state or local learning standards. There are very specific topics to be covered at each level. Students in these schools will be required to take state or national standardized tests at certain grade levels.school bus

Larger public school districts often have more overall funding. Often this means that students in these districts will have access to a wide variety of academic enrichment options (AP, Odyssey of the Mind, STEM), clubs and sports.

Students in smaller public schools will also get a wide variety of academic programs, sports and clubs. However, the smaller funding pool might mean slightly fewer options, especially for the “extras.”

Larger districts have more students with possibly larger class sizes. Smaller districts can be more personal, with smaller classes and fewer students.

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Private Schools

There are private schools located all over the country serving a variety of purposes. Schools can range from religious to secular and use a variety of curriculum. Families do not need to live in specific areas in order to attend a particular school. Parents will more than likely need to provide their own transportation.

Different states require different levels of accreditation and certifications in order for a school to operate legally. Teachers in private schools in some states are required to hold state level certifications. In many locations, only a teaching degree is required.private school outdoors

Each school operates using it’s own academic standards, usually based on state or national standards. Schools could use a religious curriculum and materials supplied by their guiding denomination or faith. Secular schools may use “mainstream” curriculum from major education publishers.

Private schools are tuition based schools. There may be a sliding scale tuition schedule or scholarships. Each school sets their own tuition rate and calculates fees for materials and extracurricular activities. These can range from several thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars each year. Average private school costs vary by school, state and region.

Many private schools require uniforms to attend, but may not provide these as part of their fees. Purchasing uniforms is another expense to consider.

Students at private schools will have many of the same options as students in public schools. They will have access to sports, clubs and academic enrichment. However, the variety and cost of programs available is based on school size and financial resources.

While there are private schools that will provide special education services, many private schools will not have the resources or experience to effectively teach students with exceptional education needs.

How To Choose

Honestly, this comes down to your family’s preferences and needs.

Families that are very religious might opt for private schools in order to incorporate their beliefs into education.

You might also choose private schools if their values system aligns closely with yours, if they offer smaller class sizes compared to public schools or if they are better rated than local public schools.

Families considering private schools should also factor in the total cost of attendance. This includes tuition, fees, uniforms and transportation.

Finally, take into account any special academic considerations your child might experience. Many schools are able to work with students who are slightly behind or who are gifted. School Comparison WorksheetHowever, it can become more difficult for students with large academic achievement gaps or complex educational or support needs. This is something to discuss with prospective private schools before you enroll.

Families who do have students with IEPs or 504 Plans often choose public schools due to the availability of services. Another factor might be the academic programs, sports or clubs available at private schools.

Since public schools are tuition free, cost can also be a factor in attendance.

Many local public schools and private schools are of equally high caliber in terms of academics and opportunity.

One of the best ways to make your final decision is to compare possible schools side-by-side using the School Comparison Worksheet.

How do you decide on a school after your PCS? Tell us in the comments!

If you found this advice, or any of my advice helpful, please consider buying from one of my affiliates at no additional cost to you and supporting The Military Move. When you click and make a purchase within 24 hours (at no additional charge), we receive a small donation. Thank you!

About the Author

Meg Flanagan, founder of MilKids Ed, is a teacher, mom and military spouse. She is dedicated to making the K-12 education experience easier for military families. Meg regularly writes for MilitaryOneClick, Military Shoppers, The Military Wife & Mom and NextGen MilSpouse. You can find Meg, and MilKids, online on Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook and Twitter.

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